Electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, contain nicotine. Nicotine is a highly addictive, toxic chemical that triggers the brain to produce feelings of pleasure. Nicotine is harmful to the health of pregnant women and their developing babies. It can cause a woman to give birth to her baby too early, and the baby can be born weighing less than is healthy. Nicotine can even cause the baby to die before it is born.
Nicotine crosses the placenta, so when a mother uses an e-cigarette, her baby also receives the nicotine. Nicotine can be found in mothers’ breast milk, so mothers who use e-cigarettes may expose their babies to nicotine through breastfeeding. Being exposed to nicotine before birth can harm a baby’s lungs, brain and cardiovascular system (i.e., their heart, arteries and veins).
No amount of nicotine exposure is known to be safe during pregnancy.
Children exposed to nicotine before birth can have trouble with how they think and behave. Exposure to nicotine before birth may increase risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and drug addiction.
E-cigarettes have not been shown to be safe or effective in helping people quit.
The liquids used in e-cigarettes contain nicotine, as well as flavorings (such as berry or cotton candy); propylene glycol (creates the “cloud”); and toxic chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects and other reproductive harm. The aerosol, or “cloud”, from e-cigarettes has been found to contain chemicals that may harm mothers and their babies.Is It Safe to Use Electronic Cigarettes While Pregnant? Brochure
- Set a quit date
- Plan for how you will manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings
- Ask family and friends for support
- Remove products that contain nicotine from your home
- Decide what you will do in situations where you usually use nicotine
- Write a list for why quitting is important to you and keep it with you to help you through cravings
You’re not in this alone
- Talk with your healthcare provider
- Connect with resources that can help to make quitting easier. Call the LUNG HelpLine at 1-800-LUNG-USA (1-800-586-4972)
- Quitting smoking is a process, and Freedom From Smoking Online (FFS Online) is a program that can help to guide you. FFS Online does not begin with quitting. We start by giving you solid information about preparing to quit, then guide you through your Quit Day and the first few weeks of being smokefree.
Freedom From Smoking Online
Another option for all Minnesotans is QUITPLAN® Services
QUITPLAN Services is a free cessation program available to anyone in Minnesota who wants to quit tobacco. People who live in Minnesota can, if eligible, sign up for the QUITPLAN Helpline for a complete phone counseling (quitline) program or they can choose individual services.
- The QUITPLAN® Helpline offers a complete program that includes five, one-on-one phone coaching sessions with trained tobacco counselors and free nicotine patches, gum or lozenges, plus additional integrated tools (e.g. text messages and email) to help enrollees quit. The QUITPLAN Helpline is available to adult Minnesotans who are uninsured or whose insurance does not cover cessation counseling and/or medications.
- Individual QUITPLAN® Services are available to all Minnesota adults, regardless of insurance status. Individuals can register for any or all of the below individual services.
- Starter Kit of Patches, Gum or Lozenges: Two weeks of free nicotine patches, gum or lozenges to get you started.
- Text Messaging: Tips, games and reminders texted right to your phone.
- Email Program: A series of emails full of tips, advice and encouragement.
- Quit Guide: A resourceful guide to help you quit.
Minnesotans can find out about all the free help to quit tobacco through QUITPLAN Services by visiting www.quitplan.com or calling 1-888-354-PLAN (7526).